Globalization of the computer industry

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Globalization of the computer industry

Perspectives on a Changing World," in Comm. Goodman Are the computing and telecommunications technologies making the whole world a better place in which to live? A large majority of the readers of the Communications would probably answer this question affirmatively and without much hesitation.

After all, we make our living by developing and promoting these technologies in various ways. Much of what we read reinforces that view. American and Japanese "techno-advocates" write about such things as global companies and information systems, the "global village," and how the information technologies are making the world into a Globalization of the computer industry, more efficient, happier, richer and more homogeneous place.

But what do most of us know about what is going on beyond a few professional communities in a few technologically advanced countries? The world is still far from homogeneous. In particular, the production, availability, and applications of computing and telecommunications among and within countries is very uneven.

It is not a simple statistical fluke that the U. There are important historical, social, cultural, and economic reasons for such disparities and, for better or worse, these differences make the world a more complicated and interesting place.

Today, a great many countries and regions are looking to the information technologies as a means to further their economic and social aspirations. The "International Perspectives" section of the Communications of the ACM is being created to describe and examine the issues, problems, and solutions that contribute to or hinder the globalization of computing and telecommunications.

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The potential subject matter for this column is rich in both its substance and its Globalization of the computer industry in perspectives. The following four subject areas are a suggestive sample. Different paths to "informatization.

Do the United States and Japan have so much cultural, technological, and economic influence that their "ways" are, in effect, the only, or best, or most interesting, or most appropriate ways for everyone or every place to develop and use the information technologies?

Are there a few other fairly widely used "models," and do all countries more-or-less follow a single or hybrid approach chosen from this small set? Do most internationally successful and widely used computer systems, like those for financial services or transportation reservations, become homogenized as a result of such factors as explicit standardization or various forms of technical influence through powerful vendors and publications?

Globalization of the computer industry

Although rarely explicitly stated as such, much of what is published in the computing literature tends to support and publicize the approaches of a small number of prominent nations. We would like to provide a forum for alternative perspectives. Among other things, this column will be used to examine problems and accomplishments where national character or circumstances -- e.

By the way, "informatization" is not an official English dictionary word. But I think it should be.

Globalization of the computer industry

It comes from a Russian word currently used by analysts and legislators in the Soviet Union in connection with efforts to bring about a radical change in the ways information is generated and distributed in their country or in its increasingly independent parts.

Perhaps it is fitting that our brief, initial discussion of the subject should start with the adoption of a term from a country whose past history and current struggle with this problem is of such great importance to the entire world.

The passing of the era of the dominant bipolar superpowers has been accompanied by regional political and economic transformations that have been influenced by, and which in turn will greatly influence, developments related to the information technologies.

Globalization of Computing

This is most dramatically evident in Europe. A collection of the most fratricidal countries of the first half of the 20th Century, forced into a year high-tension peace by the superpowers, Europe now has the opportunity to end the century with some world-historical changes.

The impact on the information technologies promises to be enormous. Three macro-problems and macro-opportunities stand out. In terms of increasing scope, complexity, and immediacy, they are: If successful, Europe would likely become the world's largest integrated market in terms of total manufacturing and buying power.

But there may be many "insurmountable opportunities," and it is not difficult to imagine some dismal consequences of failure.

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The European and other regional situations are both so unsettled and so ripe with potential of one kind or another that it is impossible to say much with great confidence.

What roles have the information technologies played in bringing about these situations, and what impacts are these regional transformations likely to have on the development and application of computing and telecommunications?

How are relations between regions going to be affected? Are we likely to see an evolution to three inwardly focused and more protectionist super-regions? Although it is too early to provide much more than speculative answers, these issues are of such consequence that they need to be addressed here, even if only speculatively.

For all the hype and some reality with respect to the masss media about the electronic "global village," it is important to recognize that it extends to only a small fraction of the world's population.

Huge portions of the world remain outside, and sizeable fractions of the populations in some of the relatively more developed countries are at the margin. Have many poor countries been abandoned by the technologically advanced countries and companies because they have so little money and infrastructure to build upon?

What successes and failures have come from efforts to bring computing and telecommunications to so-called third and fourth world countries and to regions outside of the main cities in almost any country?How American Is Globalization?

[William H.

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Marling] on adriaticoutfitters.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. William Marling's provocative work analyzes―in specific terms―the impacts of American technology and culture on foreign societies. Marling answers his own question―how American is globalization?―with two seemingly contradictory answers: less than you think and more than you know.

Computer-related companies must also address the impact of globalization on the hardware, software and services markets. Low-cost offshore manufacturing has helped turn many computer systems and peripherals into commodity items.

The computer industry is the most dominant industry in the world due to the market leadership of international business machines.

It was the IBM that created the computer with basic standard that ruled most of the world`s market. GLOBALIZATION IS A KEY TREND in the business world today. The evolution of supply, demand, and environmental factors is driving companies toward operating as if a homogeneous worldwide market existed in their industries.

Many forces are pushing for globalization. A decade of peace and increasing. Globalization of Innovation: The Personal Computing Industry I. Introduction1 August marked the 25th anniversary of the release of the original IBM PC, the product that defined the standards around which a vast new industry formed.

Careers. g11n offers an attractive and unique opportunity to be part of one of the fastest growing success stories in the globalization sector.

Our talented and innovative team creates solutions that truly influence the way leading organizations go global.

Globalization - Wikipedia